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PC3 Performers Guide

Getting more from Kurzweil PC3/K/A series Performance Controllers
600

Information

  • Kurzweil ® is a product line of Young Chang Co.,Ltd

  • Young Chang ® ,Kurzweil ®, V.A.S.T ®, PC3 ®, PC3K ®, PC3A ®, SP6 ®, are trademarks of Young Chang Co.,Ltd

  • All other products and brand names are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective companies.

  • PC3K graphics shown, PC3 Musicians Guide PDF linked for instructional purposes.

  • CUNKA © 2019 : Created by Brian Cowell


Object View

Want to find out what is in a Kurzweil .PC3, .P3K, .P3A, .PLE, or a .NFO file?

The answer is Object View.

PC3 Object Viewer

At CUNKA we wanted to be able to quickly view the contents of files. It had to be simple and easy to use. We made it an online app that will work in most browsers. Did we also mention its free?

Object View DOES NOT transmit or upload your files anywhere, or track what you ate for lunch!

Its all done locally on your computer in your browser.


Getting help

Mastering VAST logo

Like minded Kurzweil PC3 enthusiasts sharing ideas in a forum based medium.
Mastering VAST Forum

Kurzweil Logo

Kurzweil provide official world wide Technical Support.
Kurzweil Support

Kurzweil Knowledgebase library.
Kurzweil Knowledgebase


Before you power up

Connect pedals & controllers

All Kurzweil instruments power up in a "scanner" mode to check the status of internal hardware and detect the connection of external hardware.

Plug in controllers and pedals before powering up
  • foot pedals

  • ribbon controller

  • breath controller

The ribbon controller can be plugged in before or after power-up.


Things you need to know

Quick overview

  • PC3 will always power up in Program Mode

  • Program Mode is controlled by the "Control Setup"

  • PC3 is always listening externally to all 16 MIDI channels

  • Effect Mode button (located on instrument panel) is for Program Mode only

  • Setup & Song Modes have their own dedicated Effects pages

  • Master Table stores the state of the PC3.

  • Category buttons can be used to recall MIDI presets or favorite QA banks.

Gotchas

  1. Set Entry & Exit values in Setup Mode
    Strange behaviour will seemingly happen on the PC3 if Entry & Exit values are left set at None .
    Always set a controller’s values for both Entry & Exit parameters.

e.g. A Setup uses the modulation wheel to fade out the audio on MIDI channel 3 with MIDI CC7 (volume). If the modulation wheel has set MIDI CC7 (volume) to 0 and you leave the Setup and go to Program Mode, the volume on MIDI Channel 3 will be 0.

In this case having an Exit value of 127 will ensure the MIDI CC7 (volume) will be restored when exiting the Setup.
  1. Zone numbers do not equate to MIDI channels
    A zone number does not mean its using the same numbered MIDI channel.

e.g. Zone 1 can be set to MIDI Channel 16.
e.g. Zone 1, 2 & 3 can all be set to MIDI Channel  5.
  1. Effects are allocated lowest MIDI channel to highest
    The pool of available effects units is allocated starting from MIDI Channel 1 and works its way to MIDI Channel 16.

    You can disable the effects on a channel through the CHANFX page to better control where the limited effects are applied.

Effects allocations2p
  1. Lock the Master Table
    Lock the Master Table by setting the MasterLock parameter on the MASTER Mode MAIN page to "On".

    A Master Table can be saved along with the PC3 Programs,Setups,and Songs. It is possible to inadvertently load a file with a different Master Table that will mess up your settings.

Double button press combinations

Kurzweil instruments are designed with many handy short cuts that will elimante your need to dive into menus. The following "double button combinations" work in any mode and are handy to know.

PC3 Double Button Pressp
No. Double button presses that work in any mode

1

Display the TEMPO page.

2

Reset MIDI transposition to 0 semitones.
Double-press again to go to previous transposition.

3

Select Utilities menu.

4

Reset MIDI transposition to 0 semitones.
Double-press again to go to previous transposition

5

Scroll through the currently selected parameter’s list of values in regular or logical increments (varies with each parameter).

6

Panic (sends all notes/controllers off message on all 16 channels).

Utilities page

The Utilities page is a tool for performance analytics and diagnostics.

It gives you 3 tools to view the MIDI transmission in/out of the PC3, the MIDI state of controllers, and how voices are been used.

You can reach the Utilities page at anytime by pressing the centre two soft buttons. (see Double button press combinations)

400
Fig 1. Master Mode : UTILITIES page

MIDI State

Press the STATE button to view the internal state of the MIDI CCs and pitch bend in any MIDI channel.

400
Fig 2. Master Mode : MIDI State page
Typical example usage: "MIDI Channel 1 does not make any sound". Is it MIDI 7 (Volume)? Is it MIDI 11 (Expression)? Or is it something else?

With MASTER > UTILS > STATE you can check the status for various CCs per channel.

MIDI State does not automatically update.
Always press the Refrsh button to see the current MIDI State.

MIDI State in the Utilities page is not related to MIDI State in QA Mode.

MIDI

Press the MIDI button to view the MIDI CCs and notes received and transmitted by the PC3.

400
Fig 3. Master Mode : MIDI page

VOICES

Press the VOICES button to view the active voice channels as you play. This is handy to find those Programs eating up your polyphony.

400
Fig 4. Master Mode : VOICE page

PROGRAM & SONG Mode controllers

All the physical controllers on the PC3 are programmed from SETUP Mode.

To control the physical controllers (foot pedals, sliders, wheels, ribbon, breath and buttons) in a Program/Song, the PC3 uses what is known as a "Control Setup".

The "Control Setup" is a special Setup designed to indicate to Program/Song Modes what physical controller is transmitting what MIDI CC message. The Factory setting for all PC3’s is the Setup "126 Internal Voices".

The "Control Setup" parameter can be found in the MIDIMode Transmit page.
MIDI button  XMIT

You can program your own SETUP and have the PC3 respond in any way you like in PROGRAM Mode by simply pointing the Control Setup to your setup. Keep in mind that "126 Internal Voices" is the default programming for ALL the Factory Programs. Changing the Control Setup may result in controllers not working as expected.

InternalVoices Program Link2p

Velocity settings

600
Fig 5. Mapping the PC3 velocity settings

The MASTER table

Master Table stores

  • All MASTER Mode settings

  • Each selected Program on all 16 MIDI channels

  • Program and MIDI channel shown at bootup

  • Favourite Programs

  • Transmit, Receive, Channels settings from MIDI mode

  • Master Effects settings from EFFECTS Mode

Setup Zone Navigation

The PC3 can have a minimum of 1 to a maximum of 16 zones enabled in a Setup.

The 8 BANKS buttons allows the state of 8 zones to be changed at any given time.

To enable access to all 16 zones the KB3 On/Off Enable button is used.

  • KB3 button Off - Zones 1 to 8 are displayed.

  • KB3 button On - Zones 9 to 16 are displayed.

500
Fig 6. Zones 1 to 8
500
Fig 7. Zones 9 to 16

First time settings

Setting up the keyboard for your playing style

The PC3 comes with a range of settings you can adjust to better match your playing style. Whether it be 88 weighted keys, 76 semi-weighted, or the 61 un-weighted key models, further adjustments can be made.

To get the best musical experience from your PC3, its very important that you set up the keyboard to match your playing style.

400
Fig 8. Velocity Map set to "Linear"
Piano Touch

This velocity map setting is popular with the fully weighted key version of the PC3 series.

Changing the LCD views

The PC3 LCD display can be customised with 3 settings to allow control over how information is displayed. This is done through the 'Display' parameter.

Press the MASTER Mode button.
Select the MAIN page to edit the Display: parameter.

Lyr/Zone
The Lyr/Zone selection is the default setting for the PC3 series.

In Program Mode it will show an overview of the layers used.
In Setup Mode it will show an overview of the zones used.

Hold down the Enter button and press the Chan/Lyr button if there are more then 4 layers/zones.
Display set to Layer zone
Fig 9. Display set to "Lyr/Zone"
Program Layer zone
Fig 10. Program Mode displaying layers

Ctls
The Ctls selection shows the controller assignment info and MIDI CC value for the last moved controller.

400
Fig 11. Display set to "Ctls"
400
Fig 12. Program Mode displaying controller movement
400
Fig 13. Setup Mode displaying controller movement

Large
The Large selection does not show any information at all but enlarges the text of the selected Program or Setup.

This view is handy for performing live.

400
Fig 14. Display set to "Large"
400
Fig 15. Program Mode with large text
400
Fig 16. Setup Mode with large text
400
Fig 17. QA Mode with large text

Safe Mode

To prevent accidental changes mid-performance from pressing the LCD soft buttons, turn on the SafeMode: parameter.

The SafeMode: parameter disables the soft buttons.

400
Fig 18. SafeMode parameter
400
Fig 19. PROGRAM Mode soft buttons disabled
400
Fig 20. SETUP Mode soft buttons disabled
400
Fig 21. QA Mode soft buttons disabled

Set up the secondary audio outputs

There is 2 sets of audio ports on the rear of the PC3. The "Main" are referred to as the Primary Outputs and the "Aux" are the Secondary Outputs.

The PC3 allows the Secondary Outputs (Aux) to send the same audio as the Primary Outputs (Main). This is called "mirror primary output".

500

The parameter Aux Out Pair Mode: controls the behaviour of the Secondary Outputs (Aux).

  • By default it is set to Normal.

  • The alternative setting is Mirror Primary Outputs

400
Fig 22. Aux Out Pair Mode parameter

Changing the Aux Out Pair Mode: setting to Mirror Primary Outputs may affect other existing settings in Programs, Setups and Songs through their Effects pages.

Find out more on how Zones in Setups can choose between Primary Outputs (Main) and Secondary Outputs (Aux) through the use of the Out: parameter.

Find out more on how Effects pages in Program/Setup Song modes can choose between Primary Outputs (Main) and Secondary Outputs (Aux) through the use of the Output: parameter.

Set up the MIDI OUT/THRU port

Dual MIDI OUTs

If you are using the PC3 as a master keyboard, you can set the MIDI "Thru" up as a 2nd MIDI "Out" giving you 2 MIDI "Out" ports.

Change the switch from "Thru" to "Out" on the back of your PC3.

600

MIDI syncing to external modules & keyboards

If you are using the PC3 to control other keyboards/modules, or you would like the PC3 itself to be controlled, you may need to change some of the MASTER Mode settings for your equipment.

By default, the PC3 is set to syncronise its tempo to itself from the Clock Source: parameter set to Internal

400
Fig 23. Clock Source parameter

There is an additional parameter called the Output Clock: that instructs the PC3 to
send MIDI clock pulses to its MIDI OUT destinations.

400
Fig 24. Output Clock parameter

By default, the Output Clock: is set to Off. It will need to be set to On if you plan on using external MIDI devices that will need to be synchronised to the PC3.

MIDI can be sent and received via the MIDI IN/OUT ports and USB port.

Define when a SETUP changes

You can control the way Setups change going from one Setup to the next through the ChgSetups: parameter. By default, it is set to Immediate.

Immediate

Changing Setups will always happen straight away.

KeyUp

Setup will only change when all held notes are released.

400
Fig 25. When Setups should change

Controller "value" chasing

When moving any of the PC3’s physical controllers, you can control whether to observe the programmed entry value, or override it.

The SetupCtls: parameter is the setting that controls controller/entry value behaviour.

The default setting for a PC3 is Instant. Moving the controller overrides the entry value setting.

400
Fig 26. When controller values should change
Instant

Controller will instantly have an effect.

300
Past Entry

Controller has no effect until it passes the "Entry" value.

300

Minimising Effects Disruptions

The FXMode: parameter determines how effects are handled in PROGRAM and QA (Quick Access) Modes.

Set FXMode: to Multitrack when using an external sequencer to control the PC3 in Program Mode.

Set FXMode: to Performance to minimizes disruption of existing effects when changing programs. Entry values will not disrupt sustained notes when changing programs in PROGRAM or QA (Quick Access) modes. 

FXMode: parameter has no affect on SETUP Mode.

Performance

  • PROGRAM Mode

  • QA Mode

    • Programs only.

Multitrack

  • PROGRAM Mode

    • Controlled from external sequencer.

  • SONG Mode

    • Is always set to Multitrack.


MIDI

Controller MIDI Settings

Default

Controller MIDI CC#

Switch Pedal 1

64 (Sustain)

Switch Pedal 2

66 (Sostenuto)

Switch Pedal 3

67 (Soft)

Continuous Pedal 1

11 (Expression/Volume)

Continuous Pedal 2

4 (Foot)

Breath

2 (Breath)

Ribbon

21

Slider A

6

Slider B

13

Slider C

22

Slider D

23

Slider E

24

Slider F

25

Slider G

26

Slider H

27

Slider I

28

KB3 Mode

KB3 feature MIDI CC# Values

Distortion Drive (Mod Wheel)

1

0 = Minimum Distortion Drive.
127 = Maximum Distortion Drive.

Values between 0 and 127 scale between minimum and maximum Distortion Drive.

Preamp Volume (Volume/Expression Pedal)

11

0 = Minimum Preamp volume.
127 = Maximum Preamp volume.

Values between 0 and 127 scale between minimum and maximum volume.

Drawbar 1

6

With Steps parameter set to (0-8)

0-13 = volume 8
14-27 = volume 7
28-41 = volume 6
42-55 = volume 5
56-70 = volume 4
71-84 = volume 3
85-98 = volume 2
99-112 = volume 1
113-127 = volume 0

With Steps parameter set to (0-127)

127 = minimum volume.
0 = maximum volume.

Values between 127 and 0 scale between minimum and maximum volume.

Drawbar 2

13

Drawbar 3

22

Drawbar 4

23

Drawbar 5

24

Drawbar 6

25

Drawbar 7

26

Drawbar 8

27

Drawbar 9

28

Rotating Speaker Fast/Slow

68

64-127 = Fast, 0-63 = Slow

Chorus/Vibrato On/Off

95

64-127 = On, 0-63 = Off

Chorus/Vibrato Selector and Chorus/Vibrato
Depth

93

54-71 = select chorus with depth 1
72-89 = select chorus with depth 2
90-127 = select chorus with depth 3

0-17 = select vibrato with depth 1
18-35 = select vibrato with depth 2
36-53 = select vibrato with depth 3

Percussion On/Off

73

64-127 = On, 0-63 = Off

Percussion Loud/Soft

71

64-127 = Loud, 0-63 = Soft

Percussion Decay Fast/Slow

70

64-127 = Fast, 0-63 = Slow

Percussion Pitch High/Low

72

64-127 = High, 0-63 = Low

Key Click Level

89

0 = -96 dB.

127 = Maximum Key Click Level set in Editor.

Values between 0 and 127 scale between -96 dB and maximum Key Click Level.

Leakage Level

90

0 = -96 dB.
127 = 0 dB.

Values between 0 and 127 scale between -96 dB and 0 dB.

Controller Destination List

MIDI Controller Number Corresponding Destination Name Description

0

OFF/Bank

By default, when you enter 0 or Clear for the Destination parameter, the destination will be assigned to OFF.

To select Bank as the destination, use the Alpha Wheel or -/+ buttons.

1

MWheel

Default assignment for Mod Wheel

2

Breath

Default assignment for Breath Controller

3

MIDI 03

4

Foot

Default assignment for CC Pedal 2

5

PortTim

Monophonic PC3 programs respond to this Controller if portamento is turned on

6

Data

Almost all PC3 programs have this Controller assigned to filter frequency or brightness

7

Volume

MIDI Volume

8

Balance

MIDI Balance

9

MIDI 09

10

Pan

MIDI Pan—programs which use the PANNER algorithm will respond to real-time pan adjustments; all other programs will respond on the next note start

11

Express

MIDI Expression—Default assignment for CC Pedal 1. An attenuator for fading in and out. It scales between minimum (0) and the current value of Volume

12

MIDI 12

13

MIDI 13

Default assignment for Slider B

14

MIDI 14

15

MIDI 15

Controls pitchbend for AuxBend2.

16

Ctl A

17

Ctl B

18

Ctl C

19

Ctl D

20

MIDI 20

21

MIDI 21

Default destination for Ribbon, controls pitchbend for AuxBend1.

22–28

MIDI 22–28

Default destinations for Sliders C to I

29

MIDI 29

Default destination for SW button

30, 31

MIDI 30, 31

MIDI Controllers 30, 31

32

Bank

33–63

33–63

MIDI Controllers 33–63

64

Sustain

Default destination for Footswitch 1

65

MIDI 65

66

Sostenut

Default destination for Footswitch 2—holds notes that are currently down, but not notes played subsequently

67

Soft

Default destination for Footswitch 3— lowers the volume by a preset amount and may soften the timbre as well

68

Legato

Forces mono playback

69

Freeze

Envelopes freeze at current state

70–83

MIDI 70–83

MIDI Controllers 70–83

84

Portamen

Portamento control, best with mono voices, value is relative to key range, makes pitch momentarily slide to a note

85–90

MIDI 85–90

MIDI Controllers 85–90

91

GM Reverb

With PC3 in General MIDI mode, controls Reverb send level

92

MIDI 92

93

GM Chorus

With PC3 in General MIDI mode, controls Chorus send level

94-95

MIDI 94-95

MIDI Controllers 94–95

96

Data Inc

Equivalent to pressing the plus button

97

Data Dec

Equivalent to pressing the minus button

98

NRegParL

Non-Registered Parameter Least Significant Byte

99

NRegParM

Non-Registered Parameter Most Significant Byte

100

RegParL

Registered Parameter Least Significant Byte

101

RegParM

Registered Parameter Most Significant Byte

102-108

MIDI 102-108

MIDI Controllers 102–108

109

MIDI 109

Set’s arpeggiator velocity when ARPEGGIATOR velocity is set to MIDI 109 mode

110-119

MIDI 110-119

MIDI Controllers 110–119

120

Sound Off

Stops all sound in the corresponding channel

121

RstCtls

Reset Controllers to defaults in the corresponding channel

122

Local

123

Notes Off

Sends Note Off Message to all playing notes in the corresponding channel

124

Poly

125

Omni

126

Mono On

127

Mono Off

128

Pitch

Pitch — values above and below 64 bend the pitch up and down, respectively

129

PitchRev

Pitch — values above and below 64 bend the pitch down and up, respectively

130

PitchUp

Pitch — values above 0 bend the pitch up

131

PitchDwn

Pitch — values above 0 bend the pitch down

132

Pressure

Pressure

133

Tempo

Tempo

134

KeyNum

Triggers playback of notes by Key Number e.g., C4 is 60

135

KeyVel

Key Velocity

136

ProgInc

Program Increment — increments current program number

137

ProgDec

Program Decrement — decrements current program number

138

ProgGoto

Go to Program — selects program

139

SetupInc

Setup Increment—increments current setup number

140

SetupDec

Setup Decrement—increments current setup number

141

SetpGoto

Go to Setup—selects setup

142

Start

Sequencer function

143

Stop

Sequencer function

144

Continue

Sequencer function

145

TransUp

Transpose Up (ST)

146

TransDown

Transpose Down (ST)

147

ArpOn

Any value turns Arpeggiator On.

148

ArpOff

Any Value turns Arpeggiator Off.

149

MuteZn

Mute Zone – values above 64 will mute the zone, values below or equal to 64 will unmute the zone.

150

ArpOrder

Arpeggiator Order, each range of values selects one of nine options in order on parameters list: 0-14, 15-28, 29-42, 43-56, 57-70, 71-84, 85-98, 99-112, 113-127.

151

ArpBeats

Arpeggiator Beats, each range of values selects one of seven options in order on parameters list: 0-18, 19-36, 37-54, 55-72, 73-90, 91-108, 109-127.

152

ArpShift

The 88 Arpeggiator Shift steps are scaled over the 128 MIDI controller values, so that 0 = 0 steps and 127 = 88 steps.

153

ArpLimit

The 60 Arpeggiator Shift Limit steps are scaled over the 128 MIDI controller values, so that 0 = 0 steps and 127 = 60 steps.

154

ArpLmtOp

Arpeggiator Shift Limit Option, each range of values selects one of seven options in order on parameters list: 0-18, 19-36, 37-54, 55-72, 73-90, 91-108, 109-127.

155

ArpVel

Arpeggiator Velocity, each range of values selects one of twenty-three options in order on parameters list: 0-5, 6-10, 11-15…​101-105, 106-110, 111-127.

156

ArpDur

The Arpeggiator Duration % values are scaled over the 128 MIDI controller values, so that 0 = 1% and 127 = 100%.

157

Latch

For Arpeggiator Latch Pedals mode, 0-63 = off, 64-127 = on.

158

Latch2

For Arpeggiator Latch Pedals mode, 0-63 = off, 64-127 = on.

159

ArpGliss

Arpeggiator Gliss, 0-63 = off, 64-127 = on.

160

SusLatch

For Arpeggiator Latch Pedals mode, 0-63 = off, 64-127 = on.

161

Panic

Panic

162

SoloZn

Solo Zone

163

RiffOn

Riff On

164

RiffOff

Riff Off

165

RiffDur

Riff Duration

166

RiffVel

Riff Velocity

167

RiffDly

Riff Delay

168

TapTempo

Tap Tempo

169

KB3Mutes

KB3 Mutes—in Setup Mode, values of 63 and below disable the Bank buttons for controlling KB3 programs in that setup, and a values above 64 enable them

170

-Arp Shift

Sets ARPEGGIATOR values for Shift to negative. 0-63 = off, 64-127 = on.

171

ShiftPatt

Selects one of the 128 patterns in the current ARPEGGIATOR ShiftPatt Bank.

172

ShiftPBank

A controller value selects the corresponding ShiftPatt Bank for the ARPEGGIATOR page of a controller’s zone. For example, controller value 2 selects ShiftPatt bank 2, controller value 7 selects ShiftPatt bank 7.

173

VelPatt

Selects one of the 128 patterns in the current ARPEGGIATOR VelPatt Bank.

174

VelPBank

A controller value selects the corresponding VelPatt Bank for the ARPEGGIATOR page of a controller’s zone. For example, controller value 2 selects VelPatt bank 2, controller value 7 selects VelPatt bank 7.

175

VelFixed

Set’s arpeggiator velocity when ARPEGGIATOR velocity is set to Fixed.

176

ShKeyNum

Shift Key Number

177

ShiftKey

Shift Key

178

ShKeyNuV

Same as 176 ShKeyNum, but the Shift Pattern’s velocity will be modified by the current velocity pattern of the zone.

Local Keyboard Channel and Input Channel

When you use additional keyboards (not rack modules) to trigger zones in your PC3 Setups, you will need to understand when to apply the Local Keyboard Channel (LocalKbdCh) and Input Channel parameters.

Local Keyboard Channel

When you just want to be able to play a zone without the key range restrictions or applied transpositions.

  1. Set to None
    PC3 transmits out the MIDI "THRU" port.

  2. External Channel = Local Keyboard Channel
    PC3 transmits out the MIDI "OUT" port.

Input Channel

When you want to be able to play 1 or more zones from an external instrument, or many external instruments.

  1. Key ranges and transpositions will be applied

Local Keyboard Channel

If you plug another keyboard into the PC3s MINI IN port and it is transmitting MIDI data to a SETUP (eg. playing notes, sending MIDI controller messages) the PC3 may need help to understand what it is your trying play.

EXAMPLE 1 : We have a Kurzweil SP6 Stage Piano sending played notes on MIDI Channel 1 to the MIDI IN port of the PC3 that is currently using a SETUP with 3 zones.

The PC3 Local Keyboard Channel is set to None.

The PC3 SETUP:

  • Zone 1 - MIDI Channel 1

  • Zone 2 - MIDI Channel 2

  • Zone 3 - MIDI Channel 3


Local Keyboard Channel = None

PC3 SP6 MIDI3b

The result is MIDI data transmitted on MIDI Channel 1 of the Kurzweil SP6 keyboard will trigger the Zone set to MIDI Channel 1.

Key ranges and transpositions for the zone are not applied.

The PC3 now passes the transmitted MIDI data to its MIDI "THRU" port.

400
EXAMPLE 2 : We have a Kurzweil SP6 Stage Piano sending played notes on MIDI Channel 1 to the MIDI IN port of the PC3 that is currently using a SETUP with 3 zones.

The PC3 Local Keyboard Channel is set to 1.

The PC3 SETUP:

  • Zone 1 - MIDI Channel 1

  • Zone 2 - MIDI Channel 2

  • Zone 3 - MIDI Channel 3


Local Keyboard Channel = 1

PC3 SP6 MIDI4b

MIDI Channel 1 of the Kurzweil SP6 keyboard now matches the Local Keyboard Channel of the PC3.

The result is the Kurzweil SP6 keyboard can now mirror the layout of the zones as applied to the PC3s keyboard.

The PC3 will also re-transmit MIDI data on the zones designated MIDI channel (including any applied transpositions) to the MIDI "OUT" ports dependant what is set in the Destination: parameter for the zone. (CH/PRG page)

400

Input Channel

Input Channel caveat

Local Keyboard Channel must be set to None to use the Input Channel.

EXAMPLE 3 : We have a Kurzweil SP6 Stage Piano sending played notes on MIDI Channel 2 to the MIDI IN port of the PC3 that is currently using a SETUP with 3 zones. Zone 2 is set to MIDI channel 2 with an octave transposition and only reponds to incoming MIDI on Input Channel 2.

Input Channel = 2

PC3 SP6 MIDI5b
400

Input Channel = 1

PC3 SP6 MIDI6b
400

Performing features

QA Banks recalled from the CATEGORY buttons

The 16 CATEGORY buttons can be used to store and recall QA Banks.

  1. Press the Master Mode button.

  2. Select the MAIN button.

  3. Set the QACategory: parameter to Favorite.

    400
    Fig 27. QACategory parameter set to "Favorite"
  4. Select the Q Access Mode button.

  5. Select the Quick Access bank you want to assign to a CATEGORY button.

    400
    Fig 28. User created Quick Access Bank "1025 Ambient"
  6. Press and hold the CATEGORY button for 2 seconds

    400
    Fig 29. Press and hold a CATEGORY button for 2 seconds
  7. Releasing the CATEGORY button after at least 2 seconds will display the following message on your PC3 display.

    400
    Fig 30. The favourite is assigned to the category button.

Controlling how the BANKS buttons are used

The BANKS buttons can be set up for use by a KB3 Program, or for muting zones 1 to 16 in a Setup.

BANKS buttons used for KB3 control
400
BANKS buttons used for Zone Mutes
400

The COMMON page in Setup Mode uses a parameter called Mutes: to determine if KB3 Control or Zone Mutes is applied. It is possible to control this parameter with a controller through the use of the KB3Mutes control source.

  1. Select Setup Mode Setup

  2. Select the Setup (Assuming the Setup has an existing Zone that uses a KB3 Program) and press the Edit button.

  3. Press the more> button until the COMMON button appears.

  4. Press the COMMON button.

  5. Set the Mutes: parameter to Zone Mutes.

    400
  6. Press the more> button until the SWITCH button appears.

  7. Press the SWITCH button.

  8. Set the Type: parameter to Toggled.

  9. Set OnControl: parameter to KB3Mutes. ( Type 169 into the keypad press Enter)

  10. Set the OnValue: parameter to 127.

  11. Set the OffControl: parameter to KB3Mutes. ( Type 169 into the keypad press Enter)

  12. Set the OffValue: parameter to 0.

  13. Set the EntryState: and ExitState: both to Off.

    400

Reversing a controller

The PC3 can reverse the behaviour of its controllers. This can be handy if you are looking to crossfade zones using the same controller, or looking to change the way a controller is applied.

Standard settings

Controllers are usually set to have a Scale of 100%. This will give a full scale of MIDI values from 0 to 127.

400
Fig 31. Standard MWheel setting
200
Fig 32. MWheel setting from 0 to 127

Reverse settings

To reverse a controllers settings the Scale must firstly be set -100%. This alone will reverse the controller, however, it will have no affect becuase there is no start value.

The offset value required when the controller is at a minimum needs to be 127. Set the Add value 127 to give it a offset value.

The controller is now reversed. It has a minimum value of 127 and a maximum value of 0.

400
Fig 33. MWheel setting to reverse the controller
200
Fig 34. Reversed MWheel from 127 to 0

Scaling controllers

Its not always desirable for a controller to values from 0 to 127 all the time. There occasions where you will want to limit the range of values a controller can apply.

In this example, the Modulation Wheel will be programmed to scale its MIDI value messages between a range of 23 to 48.

300
Fig 35. Modulation Wheel range between 23 to 48
400
Fig 36. MWheel parameter settings

In order to scale values between 23 and 48, the Modulation Wheel must have a starting point. By putting a value of 23 in the Add column, this sets the minimum value for the modulation wheel.

It is also important that the entry value (Ent column) have the value 23 as well. This informs the PC3 that when the Setup is used, this is the starting value. A value of 0 for the Exit column ensures that when you leave the Setup, that the MIDI CC#1 MWheel value is reset back to 0.

To work out the Scale, you can see that in the table below that 20% gives values between 0 to 25.

Scale (%) MIDI Value

10

0 - 12

20

0 - 25

30

0 - 38

40

0 - 50

50

0 - 63

60

0 - 76

70

0 - 88

80

0 - 101

90

0 - 114

Modulation Wheel (Fully down)

Start value is 23 plus the intial scale value of 0 = minimum value of 23.

Modulation Wheel (Fully up)

Start value is 23 plus the maximum scale value of 25 = maximum value of 48.

Best way to check the controller scaling?

Use the Double button press combinations shortcut to reach the Utility page and select MIDI. You can jump in and out of the Utility page while editing your controller scale settings without leaving Setup Mode!

Remove a zones velocity sensitivity

Velocity sensitivity for a zone is set on the KEYVEL page.

The 3 parameters VelScale:, VelOffset: and VelCurve: control the velocity sensitivity.

400
Fig 37. Default velocity sensitivity

To remove the velocity sensitivity the VelScale: parameter must be set to 0%.

To set the constant velocity the VelOffset: parameter, adjust the value to the velocity value you require. The result will be no matter how hard or soft you play the keyboard, the velocity (Note On) will always be the same.

400
Fig 38. VelScale: set to 0% VelOffset: set to 80
200
Fig 39. Velocity is always 80

Change SETUPs with a controller

Controllers can be used to change Setups in conjunction with some of the Setup specific soft control sources like SetupGoto, SetupInc and SetupDec. (Listed in the [PC3-Reference-Guide])

Increment Setups with Foot Switch 3

To increment a Setup, the SetupInc soft control source is used and will need to be programmed into every Setup.

  1. Press the more button until the FT SW3 button appears.

  2. Press the FT SW3 button.

  3. Set the Type: parameter to Momentary.

  4. Set OnControl: parameter to SetupInc. ( Type 139 into the keypad press Enter)

  5. Set the OnValue: parameter to 127.

  6. Set the OffControl: parameter to OFF.

  7. Set the OffValue: parameter to 0.

  8. Set the EntryState: and ExitState: both to Off.

400
Fig 40. Increment Setups with Foot Switch 3.

Key range settings

Standard Key Range

A standard key range has the LoKey: a lower key value then the HiKey:. At maximum the loKey: and HiKey: may be the same key.

400
400
Fig 41. Key range from C3 - B5

"Hole" in Key Range

Its possible to create a range where the LoKey: is a higher note then the HiKey:. This will effectively create a key range that has a "hole" in it.

A possible scenario would require the use of 3 zones. Using this method where the LoKey: is higher then the HiKey:, you may get away with using 2 zones only.

400
400
Fig 42. Key range from B5 - C3

Transpositions

Adjusting the keyboard transposition (Xp:) changes the pitch of whats played on the PC3, and what is transmitted to the MIDI "OUT" port.

400

400

  • Keyboard Transposition (Xp:) 12 ST

  • Overall Transposition (Transpose:) 0 ST

400

Adjusting the overall transposition (Transpose:) changes the pitch of whats played on the PC3, but transmits the original pitch unchanged to the MIDI "OUT" port.

400

400

  • Keyboard Transposition (Xp:) 0 ST

  • Overall Transposition (Transpose:) 12 ST

400

Contributors

Jean Robert Bellefeuille (Kurzweil Music Systems)


Appendix A: Soft & Hard Resets

Occasionally you may need to reset the PC3. It is important to understand the difference between a Hard & Soft reset before you apply any of them.

Soft Reset

A soft reset is the equivalent of turning the power off then on again. No user data is deleted.

To activate a soft reset, press the +/-+0+Clear keypad buttons simultaneously.

Hard Reset

A hard reset will erase all user objects and restore the PC3 back to its Factory state.

You must save a backup of your user created objects before doing a Hard Reset.
A Hard Reset will DELETE all user objects & settings !

2 ways of doing this, 1 through the MASTER menu "Reset", the other through the Bootloader called "System Reset"


Appendix B: Sound Banks & Documentation

Documentation

150
150

Sound Banks

150

Collection 8 sound sets

→ KraVA (179 Programs / 61 Setups)
→ 2011 Mahogany Room (101 Programs / 18 Setups)
→ GOLD (135 Setups)
→ RUBY (136 Programs / 39 Setups)
→ 2012 Mahogany Room (144 Programs / 108 Setups)
→ Pearl (50 Programs / 25 Setups)
→ Mixed Bag (55 Programs / 25 Setups)
→ SILVER (20 Setups)
View Collection PDF


Appendix C: Videos

Front Panel Overview

An introduction to the front panel user-interface and navigation methods

Program Mode Overview

Introduction to the Program mode

Program Mode Editor (Part 1)

Introduction to editing, keymaps and layers

Program Mode Editor (Part 2)

V.A.S.T. - Variable Architecture Synthesis Technology - working with algorithms

Program Mode Editor (Part 3)

Modulation and real-time control of synth engine DSP

Program Mode Editor (Part 4)

Control Sources

Program Mode Editor (Part 5)

Working with envelopes

Program Mode Editor (Part 6)

FUNs - FUNction Generators - control-source processing

FX Basics

Introduction to effects concepts, structure and resource allocation

FX Chain Editing

Effects chain creation and editing

FX Management

Effects applications, routing, aux overrides and master effects section

Working with FX Presets

Preset and Chain Basics

FX Mods

Effects modulation routings and real-time controls

Specific Effects

Kurzweil’s exclusive "Pitcher" effect algorithm

Setup Mode Intro

Overview of the Setup Mode

Setup Mode Zone Mutes

Zone enabling/disabling

Setup Mode Editor

Building Setups - working with Zones and Controller functions

Appendix D: Operating System History

PC3 Operating System history

Version Release Date

1.00

4/4/2008

1.01

4/17/2008

1.10.8343

6/7/2008

1.11.8388

6/12/2008

1.20.8990

8/22/2008

1.21.9030

8/27/2008

1.30.9705

11/6/2008

1.31.9872

11/25/2008

1.34.11220

4/27/2009

1.35.11378

5/15/2009

2.00

12/23/2010

2.01

3/3/2011

2.02

4/22/2011

2.03

7/19/2011

2.10

3/13/2012

2.20

10/19/2012

2.21

3/18/2013

PC3K Operating System history

Version Release Date

1.01

12/12/2009

2.01

3/3/2011

2.02

4/21/2011

2.03

7/19/2011

2.10

3/13/2012

2.20

10/19/2012

2.21

3/18/2013

2.40

3/13/2015

2.41

4/22/2015

2.45

9/12/2018

Appendix E: Kurzweil Controller Assignments

Kurzweil Performance Controllers

MIDI CC PC1 Series PC2 Series PC3/K/A Series PC3LE Series

Mono pressure

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

1

Mod.Wheel

Mod.Wheel

Mod.Wheel

Mod.Wheel

2

Breath

Breath

3

4

CC.Pedal 2

CC.Pedal 2

5

6

Knob D

Slider C

Slider A

7

8

9

Switch 2

Switch 2

10

11

CC.Pedal

CC.Pedal 1

CC.Pedal 1

CC.Pedal

12

Switch 3

13

Knob B

Slider D

Slider B

14

Knob 1*

15

Knob 2*

16

Knob 3*

17

Knob 4*

18

Knob 5*

19

Knob 1*

20

Knob 2*

21

Ribbon

Ribbon

Ribbon

Knob 3*

22

Slider C

Knob 4*

23

Slider D

Knob 5*

24

Slider E

Knob 1*

25

Slider F

Knob 2*

26

Slider G

Knob 3*

27

Slider H

Knob 4*

28

Slider I

Knob 5*

29

Switch 4

SW2

64

FootSw 1

FootSw 1

FootSw 1

65

66

FootSw 2

FootSw 2

FootSw 2

67

FootSw 3

FootSw 3

68

80

Switch 1*

81

Switch 2*

82

Switch 3*

83

Switch 4*

84

85

Switch 5*

86

Switch 1*

87

Switch 2*

88

Switch 3*

89

Switch 4*

90

Switch 5*

91

Knob A

Slider A

92

93

Knob B

Slider B

109

ARP velocity

ARP velocity

117

Switch 1 set to Octave Shift

Switch 1 set to Octave Shift

SW1 set to ARP

Switch 3 set to ARP

Switch 4 set to ARP

Drum Pads (8 of) all set to off

* Knobs & Switches can have multiple assignments